Pushing the frontiers of few-cycle ultrafast laser technology (incl. auxiliary technologies, e.g. multilayer optics) towards ever higher peak and average powers, multi-octave bandwidths (UV-VIS-IR), and synthesis of arbitrary light waveforms.
Advancing the technology of frequency combs towards higher power and shorter (to XUV) wavelengths, of attosecond photon pulses to higher peak/average power and photon energy (to 100 eV to 500 eV to 1 KeV to 10keV), and Angstrom-wavelength electron & photon pulses to ever shorter durations (to 100 fs to 10 fs to 1 fs to ...).
Developing and advancing – with the tools of GG-1 – laser-based compact brilliant X-ray sources towards diagnostic energies (to 20 keV to 50 keV to 100 keV to ...), and laser-based charged-particle sources towards therapeutic energies (to 50 MeV/u to 100 MeV/u to 200 MeV/u to ...).
On the atomic scale in real time with the tools of GG-1/2 – with particular emphasis on electron-electron correlations, coupled electron-nuclear motions and radio-biological effects in bio-molecules, collective motions in solid-state systems, and – on the long-run – recording movies of these motions.
On the atomic/mesoscopic scale with the tools of GG-1 – in molecular orbitals to explore novel ways of controlling molecular structure and reactions and in nano-structured and molecular systems to pursue advancement of electronics towards the frequencies of infrared and visible light.
Developing and validating – with conventional brilliant X-ray sources and the emerging tools of GG-3 – novel techniques for imaging biological samples, animal and human organs with unprecedented resolution with the aim to detect chronic diseases and cancer in their early stage.
Exploring – with conventional sources and the emerging tools of Goal -3 – the radio-biological efficiency of short-pulsed particle irradiation and the feasibility of particle tumour therapy with laser-driven proton/ion sources for cost-effective local therapy of cancer.