The Munich-Centre for Advanced Photonics (MAP)
Photons, photon sources and photon-based techniques are expected to be the key elements of technology in the 21st century. This revolution has largely taken place since photons have already replaced electrons in many important areas such as short-time measurements, precision metrology and especially high-speed information links. In the quest to improve our technological capabilities and our understanding of basic scientific knowledge, advanced photonics will most likely be the key enabling technology through coherent light sources, laser-based particle sources or new ways of achieving high spatial and temporal resolution and control.
MAP's Grand Goals (GG)
GG-1: Base technology: pushing the frontiers of few-cycle ultrafast laser technology (incl. auxiliary technologies, e.g. multilayer optics) towards ever higher peak and average powers, multi-octave bandwidths (UV-VIS-IR), and synthesis of arbitrary light waveforms.
GG-2: Sources for low-energy photon science: advancing – with the tools of GG-1
the technology of frequency combs towards higher power and shorter (to XUV) wavelengths, of attosecond photon pulses to higher peak/average power and photon energy (to 100 eV to 500 eV to 1keV to 10 keV), and Angstrom-wavelength electron & photon pulses to ever shorter durations (to 100 fs to 10 fs to 1 fs to ...).
GG-3: Sources for high-energy photon science: developing and advancing – with the tools of GG-1 – laser-based compact brilliant X-ray sources towards diagnostic energies (to 20 keV to 50 keV to 100 keV to ...), and laser-based charged-particle sources towards therapeutic energies (to 50 MeV/u to 100 MeV/u to 200 MeV/u to ...).
GG-4: Probing electrons: on the atomic scale in real time with the tools of GG-1/2 – with particular emphasis on electron-electron correlations, coupled electron-nuclear motions and radio-biological effects in bio-molecules, collective motions in solid-state systems, and – on the long-run – recording movies of these motions.
GG-5: Controlling electrons: on the atomic/mesoscopic scale with the tools of GG-1 – in molecular orbitals to explore novel ways of controlling molecular structure and reactions and in nano-structured and molecular systems to pursue advancement of electronics towards the frequencies of infrared and visible light.
GG-6: Advanced bio-medical imaging: developing and validating – with conventional brilliant X-ray sources and the emerging tools of GG-3 – novel techniques for imaging biological samples, animal and human organs with unprecedented resolution with the aim to detect chronic diseases and cancer in their early stage.
GG-7: Cost-effective particle therapy: exploring – with conventional sources and the emerging tools of GG-3 – the radio-biological efficiency of short-pulsed particle irradiation and the feasibility of particle tumour therapy with laser-driven proton/ion sources for cost-effective local therapy of cancer.